E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study

Ayse Surhan Cinar, Mustafa Fevzi Celayir.

Abstract
Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting is a relatively common complication after thyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of granisetron for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in non-smoking women undergoing elective thyroidectomy.
Material and Methods: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 260 non-smoking female patients ASA physical status I-II, who had undergone elective thyroidectomy under general anesthesia, received granisetron 40g/kg in 3ml saline or placebo as 3ml saline IV 30 min before operation end. Patients were observed at 0, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24. hours after anesthesia. Age, weight, operation and anesthesia duration, a total amount of fentanyl dose, nausea, and vomiting episodes and adverse effects were recorded.
Results: 234 patients were analyzed statistically. Demographic characteristics, including age, height, and body weight were comparable in both groups. In addition, there were no differences in the preoperative total amounts of fentanyl and fluid, operation and anesthesia duration. The overall incidence of PONV differed significantly among the two groups (p<0.001). PONV occurred in 117 patients (98%) receiving placebo, 45 patients (39%) receiving granisetron.
Conclusion: The study suggested that granisetron might be a good choice among alternative drugs for its few adverse effects and good tolerability.

Key words: Granisetron, thyroidectomy, postoperative nausea, non-smoking women


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Ayse Surhan Cinar
Articles by Mustafa Fevzi Celayir
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 789
Downloaded:
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Cinar AS, Celayir MF. Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study. Ulutas Med J. 2018; 4(4): 213-220. doi:10.5455/umj.20180816070933


Web Style

Cinar AS, Celayir MF. Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study. https://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=4576 [Access: March 19, 2019]. doi:10.5455/umj.20180816070933


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cinar AS, Celayir MF. Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study. Ulutas Med J. 2018; 4(4): 213-220. doi:10.5455/umj.20180816070933



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cinar AS, Celayir MF. Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study. Ulutas Med J. (2018), [cited March 19, 2019]; 4(4): 213-220. doi:10.5455/umj.20180816070933



Harvard Style

Cinar, A. S. & Celayir, . M. F. (2018) Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study. Ulutas Med J, 4 (4), 213-220. doi:10.5455/umj.20180816070933



Turabian Style

Cinar, Ayse Surhan, and Mustafa Fevzi Celayir. 2018. Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 4 (4), 213-220. doi:10.5455/umj.20180816070933



Chicago Style

Cinar, Ayse Surhan, and Mustafa Fevzi Celayir. "Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 4 (2018), 213-220. doi:10.5455/umj.20180816070933



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cinar, Ayse Surhan, and Mustafa Fevzi Celayir. "Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 4.4 (2018), 213-220. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20180816070933



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cinar, A. S. & Celayir, . M. F. (2018) Effects of Granisetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Non-smoking Women Undergoing Thyroidectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 4 (4), 213-220. doi:10.5455/umj.20180816070933