E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430
 

Original Research 


Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar.

Abstract
Background: Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is one of the causes which cause liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and carcinoma if left untreated. Patients who present with acute HCV infection, 50-70% of them develop chronic infection. This study attempted to see an association between F4 fibrosis in liver on fibroscan and esophageal varices on endoscopy in HCV related chronic liver disease (CLD) patients.
Method: This study was conducted in Gastroenterology and Hepatology division of holy family hospital, Rawalpindi. Total 117 patients of 10 to 90 years were included. All patients were having HCV related CLD. Patients having F4 fibrosis stage were included while patients having fibrosis stage up to F3 fibrosis stage were excluded. All data regarding age, gender, F4 fibrosis and esophageal varices was entered and analyzed using the statistical package of social sciences while descriptive analysis was performed.
Results: Amongst 114 patients who presented with F4 fibrosis stage on fibroscan 69.3% (79) of them were diagnosed for esophageal varices on endoscopy and 30.7% (35) were not having esophageal varices on endoscopy. Patients who were having esophageal varices on endoscopy 84.5% (49) of them were males and 55.9% (33) were females. Study participants having F4 fibrosis stage, 98.3% of them were males and 96.6% were females. So, there was not much difference between males and females having an extreme degree of fibrosis on fibroscan.
Conclusion: Patients who were having F4 fibrosis stage on fibroscan, 2/3 of them were having esophageal varices on endoscopy. Esophageal varices were more present in males as compared to females.

Key words: Hepatitis C Virus, chronic liver disease, esophageal varices


 
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Pubmed Style

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar. Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease. Ulutas Med J. 2018; 4(2): 85-89. doi:10.5455/umj.20180312034434


Web Style

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar. Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease. https://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=293537 [Access: November 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/umj.20180312034434


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar. Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease. Ulutas Med J. 2018; 4(2): 85-89. doi:10.5455/umj.20180312034434



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar. Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease. Ulutas Med J. (2018), [cited November 13, 2018]; 4(2): 85-89. doi:10.5455/umj.20180312034434



Harvard Style

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar (2018) Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease. Ulutas Med J, 4 (2), 85-89. doi:10.5455/umj.20180312034434



Turabian Style

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar. 2018. Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 4 (2), 85-89. doi:10.5455/umj.20180312034434



Chicago Style

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar. "Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 4 (2018), 85-89. doi:10.5455/umj.20180312034434



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar. "Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 4.2 (2018), 85-89. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20180312034434



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mehvish Amin, Malik Abdul Jabbar, Hanan Ahmad, Samar Samar (2018) Association between Presence of Esophageal Varices on Endoscopy and Extreme Degree of F4-Stage Fibrosis on Fibroscan in HCV-Related Chronic Liver Disease. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 4 (2), 85-89. doi:10.5455/umj.20180312034434